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    dramatic, previously-unpublished portrait of an grownup male Irish elk aka the
    large deer Megaloceros giganteus
    Wayne Patton)

    They are saying that good issues are available pairs,
    so after the very beneficial response not too long ago acquired by my first
    ShukerNature Image of the Day posted by me for fairly a while (click on right here
    to entry it), with out additional ado I’m very completely satisfied to proffer a second one proper now. Particularly, the dramatic and exceedingly spectacular however previously-unpublished portrait by American scholar/wildlife artist
    Wayne Patton (kindly forwarded to me earlier this 12 months upon his behalf by his
    daughter, Alison Fielding) of one in all prehistory’s most spectacular mammals –
    the Irish elk, additionally identified very aptly as the large deer, and scientifically as Megaloceros giganteus.

    Famed for the grownup male’s immense
    antlers, this awe-inspiring species was historically believed to have develop into extinct
    all through its Eurasian distribution vary in the course of the Pleistocene epoch, i.e.
    previous to the onset of the Holocene, roughly 10,600 years in the past. Nevertheless, inside
    my guide In Search of Prehistoric Survivors
    (1995), I introduced some intriguing proof for its potential survival into the
    early Holocene (together with point out of a mysterious, still-unidentified European
    beast named the schelk or shelk that will allude to Holocene representatives of Megaloceros).

    Furthermore, some years later, as I duly up to date
    in a ShukerNature article (click on right here)
    in addition to in my subsequent guide Nonetheless In Search Of
    Prehistoric Survivors
    conclusive proof for this species’ Holocene survival in two broadly separate
    Eurasian localities – the Isle of Man off the British mainland, and western Siberia
    in far-eastern Russia – was certainly obtained.

    Impressed by my writings in addition to these
    of many others coping with this magnificent species, along with all method
    of creative representations of it, together with cave work, and being an
    achieved artist himself, Wayne determined to organize his personal fully unique
    reconstruction of its probably look in life, and when it was full he
    very kindly supplied me the chance to breed it solely on
    ShukerNature, which I used to be solely too completely satisfied to just accept. And so, showcased above as
    a beautiful ShukerNature Image of the Day, is Wayne’s beautiful grownup male Megaloceros portray, collectively along with his verbatim
    account under of how he got here to organize it, his influences, and private
    ideas and concepts regarding Megaloceros,
    introduced as soon as once more along with his sort permission.

    [Incidentally, please note that Wayne is
    using the term ‘shelk’ in his account merely as a common name for Megaloceros, rather than claiming a
    direct link between the latter deer and the mysterious still-unidentified beast
    of that name.]


    of Charles R. Knight’s basic Irish elk work (public area)

    My identify is Wayne Patton, I’m a botanist
    and soil scientist by coaching and expertise. I labored a profession for the US
    Forest Service. I additionally labored in Mexico, Canada, and collaborated with teams
    from Romania, and Israel. I’m an enormous recreation hunter and I took recreation with historical
    methods just like the bow and arrow and atlatl darts. I additionally tanned my very own conceal
    and made all method of leather-based items like saddle, tack, and many others… Artwork has been a
    passion for so long as I can bear in mind. Now I’m too previous to hunt, so I spend
    a number of time portray and promoting my work by means of a number of galleries. I bought
    very within the Megaloceros
    (shelk) by means of each my looking and artwork experiences. I made a decision to
    paint a bull shelk as exampled above, beginning with photographs of mounted skeleton
    in museums in Eire, Germany, and Scotland. There are even a pair mounted
    skeletons within the US that had been obtained from Eire. I fleshed out the bones
    based mostly on my artwork expertise in addition to butchering massive recreation animals just like the
    American elk in addition to mule deer, goats, sheep, and a few African animals like
    the kudu. This half was simple, nevertheless, nearly all work of shelks by
    Charles R. Knight, who did early work for the Chicago Museum of Pure
    Historical past, in addition to the work obtainable on the web, are sourced from
    the zoo, largely, purple deer and American elk. The artists painted these fats
    animals which might be standing round at half-mast from consuming the unsuitable food regimen and
    being trapped, after which exhibiting them with the large horns of the large shelk.
    Maybe one of the best art work is by the present nice Dutch painter Rien Poortvliet [but] he copied the colours of the purple
    deer and missed key anatomical options just like the Adams apple and shoulder hump
    of the true shelk. What in regards to the colour? All work appear to be copies of the
    purple deer and American or Mongolian elk – is that this right?

    I assumed not, so I did a bunch of
    analysis to seek out out if any data exists and I discovered to a superb
    guide referred to as The Nature of Paleolithic Artwork
    by Dr R. Dale Guthrie, who was a professor on the College of
    Alaska. He visited caves in France, Northern Spain and Italy, in addition to
    museums containing engravings of animals on rocks, bones, and ivory from websites
    in Europe. This shaped a foundation for his reconstruction of the bull and cow
    shelks. He additionally did a number of work evaluating Pleistocene cave artwork with animals
    that survived the Pleistocene extinctions just like the Chamois, the Reindeer and
    the Muskox and located this artwork to be very correct and might be relied upon to
    assist make choices about colour and animal look. The early individuals lived
    with the animals and had been eager observers and used their information to hunt them,
    perhaps hastened extinction in some circumstances. So, I used my firsthand information of
    utilizing skeletal stays to flesh out practical animal anatomy, and I used most
    of Dr R. Dale Guthrie’s conclusions from his expertise taking a look at Pleistocene
    artwork to get one of the best colour data. My strive at a portray of the Bull Shelk
    is enclosed. 

    Give me suggestions of what you all suppose!

    Additionally, use Amazon on the web to
    observe down copies of the guide I used for reference (The Nature of Paleolithic

    Additionally, take a look at Rien
    Poortvliet in his guide A Journey to The
    Ice Age
    (mammoths and different animals of the wild).

    Now, again to some concepts of why many
    shelk stays and people of maybe of purple deer or European elk (American Moose)
    have holes knocked within the high of their skulls. These animals had been herded in to
    marl pits and peat bogs the place they grew to become mired and trapped after which early
    individuals, particularly in Eire, went out and killed them the place they had been. Then
    they butchered out one of the best cuts of meat together with the center, liver, and
    tongues. Together with the brains, all of which had been thought of delicacies as I
    have from time to time. Use the ‘Meat Eater’ sequence on Netflix as a reference. The
    primary use for brains, nevertheless, was not consuming regardless that they’re good! The
    main motive to be used is stabilizing and tanning leather-based, as I’ve executed
    additionally. Leather-based has been used for the reason that Pleistocene to make every kind of
    clothes, gear and weapons. Use of brains or urine is usually a smelly operation. 


    Life-sized statue
    of an grownup male Megaloceros on show
    at Crystal Palace, London, initially created by Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins
    in the course of the 1850s (© Dr Karl Shuker)

    Wayne has raised some very attention-grabbing
    factors right here. In particdular, it’s definitely true that observing cave work can provide numerous
    visible clues to the bodily look of prehistoric beasts that can not be
    procured from fossils alone. Maybe essentially the most well-known instance of that is the
    obvious presence of striped markings on the physique of the cave lion, as depicted
    in cave work of this extinct felid. So it is vitally vital that Wayne’s
    Megaloceros portray has included
    data encapsulated in these early firsthand eyewitness artworks.

    Moreover, Wayne’s data
    regarding the usage of brains for tanning leather-based does certainly provide a minimum of a
    partial rationalization for the cranium holes noticed in Megaloceros stays that I documented in my first Prehistoric Survivors guide and
    subsequently reiterated in my second one in addition to my ShukerNature article.
    And because it was fully new to me, this data could be very welcome.

    In brief, I’m delighted to have the ability to
    share with you Wayne’s extraordinarily placing, wholly unique interpretation of
    what the grownup male Megaloceros could
    have regarded like in life, and his enter to what’s identified in regards to the use by human
    hunters of the brains extracted from the skulls of  butchered deer that will effectively have utilized to this
    prehistoric species.

    As soon as once more, I thank Wayne most sincerely for
    allowing me to share all of this right here on ShukerNature, and likewise his daughter Alison
    for kindly making contact with me with a view to deliver Wayne’s work to my consideration.

    For an in depth protection of potential and
    particular examples of Megaloceros post-Pleistocene
    survival, be sure you take a look at my guide Nonetheless In Search Of Prehistoric Survivors.