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Episode 403: A scientifically correct graphic novel that includes Europasaurus


    Episode 403: A scientifically correct graphic novel that includes Europasaurus. Joschua & Oliver share how they instructed the story of a dwarf sauropod residing on an island in a 184 web page graphic novel.

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    Interview with Oliver Wings and Joschua Knüppe. Joschua is a paleoartist, and host of Paleostream on Twitch. Oliver is the curator of the Geosciences Collections & the Geiseltal Assortment on the Martin Luther College Halle-Wittenberg in Germany. The 2 of them created the graphic novel “Europasaurus: Life on Jurassic Islands”. You will discover Joschua on twitter, YouTube, Discord, Deviant Artwork, or fb, and Oliver on YouTube (together with timelapses of quarry work) or Analysis Gate. It’s also possible to get their guide right here.



    The dinosaur of the day: Spinops

    • Centrosaurine ceratopsian that lived within the Late Cretaceous in what’s now Alberta, Canada (Oldman Formation or Dinosaur Park Formation–not the perfect data of the place it was discovered)
    • Seems like different ceratopsians, walked on all fours, had a frill with horns on the frill, and had forehead horns and a beak and a nasal horn
    • Just like Styracosaurus and Centrosaurus, and had massive nasal horn, small forehead horns, and frill ornamentation
    • A lot of fossils discovered of Styracosaurus and Centrosaurus (progress sequence), so it’s clear Spinops is exclusive
    • Had a bony neck frill
    • Had two massive spikes that caught out the again of the frill and two ahead curving hooks close to the center of the frill
    • Had a spiny look on the skulls
    • Herbivorous
    • Weighed about two tons
    • Kind species is Spinops sternbergorum
    • Charles Sternberg and his son Levi discovered the primary fossils, two partial skulls in 1916 close to Pink Deer River, and despatched them to the Pure Historical past Museum in London (paid for his or her expedition)
    • Holotype features a partial cranium bone
    • Additionally two referred specimens, that embody limb fragments and elements of the cranium
    • Elements of the nasal horn, eye sockets, and small forehead horns discovered
    • Not one of the specimens had been discovered articulated, however they had been all discovered close to one another in the identical bone mattress
    • Described in 2011 by Andrew Farke and others
    • Genus title means “backbone face”
    • Genus refers back to the distinctive ornamentation on its face
    • Species title is in honor of Charles and Levi Sternberg
    • Fossils had been thought of to be too fragmentary once they had been discovered, so that they weren’t ready and placed on show
    • Arthur Smith Woodward wrote to Charles Sternberg and stated the fossils had been “nothing however garbage”
    • Farke stated he first noticed the specimen in 2004, when he was within the U.Okay. for the filming of “The Reality About Killer Dinosaurs”
    • The frill grabbed his consideration, and he instructed Michael Ryan about it (who had tried to search out the specimen within the Pure Historical past Museum collections just a few years again however didn’t see it. Phil Currie had taken a photograph of it within the Eighties)
    • Primarily based on letters between Charles Sternberg and employees on the Pure Historical past Museum, the bonebed the place the fossils had been discovered was dense
    • Work is being carried out to relocate the place the fossils had been discovered, primarily based on documentation and fossil pollen from the rock the place it was preserved
    • Paper describing Spinops ends with questions: “Do the ceratopsians preserved right here doc anagenesis or cladogenesis? How are the taxa of Alberta associated to these from elsewhere? Was Spinops a uncommon ingredient of the Campanian fauna, or will extra stays be acknowledged?”
    • Different dinosaurs that lived across the similar time and place embody the ankylosaurs Dyoplosaurus and Euoplocephalus and Platypelta, the nodosaur Edmontonia, ceratopsids Chasmosaurus, Mercuriceratops, hadrosaurs Corythosaurus, Gryposaurus, Parasaurolophus
    • Different animals that lived across the similar time and place embody crocodylians, lizards, plesiosaurs, pterosaurs, turtles, fish, and mammals

    Enjoyable Reality:

    Europasaurus is certainly one of a number of dwarf dinosaurs that lived on the islands that finally shaped Europe

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