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I Know Dino Podcast: Pentaceratops


    Episode 15 is all about Pentaceratops, a new ceratopsian dinosaur found after gathering mud in a museum in Canada for greater than 75 years.

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    On this episode, we talk about:

    • The dinosaur of the day: Pentaceratops aquilonius
    • Pentaceratops lived 75 million years in the past
    • The species was found in 2014, after its fossils have been gathering mud in a Canadian museum for over 75 years
    • Dr. Nick Longrich, from the College of Bathtub in England, realized it was a brand new species when he studied them
    • He noticed that Pentaceratops, together with a second dinosaur, Kosmoceratops, was extra much like dinosaurs from the American Southwest
    • Initially Pentaceratops was categorised as Anchiceratops and the second dinosaur as Chasmosaurus
    • Penteceratops aquilonius was extra like a primitive model of Pentaceratops sternbergii (found in 1921) from New Mexico
    • There are a variety of totally different sorts of Chasmosaurinae (giant, horned dinosaurs with frills), in all probability as a result of dinosaurs unfold out all around the continent after which tailored and advanced into new species. Competitors between these teams would have saved them from shifting after (between north and south)
    • That is why scientists have discovered so many species in several habitats
    • There are at the least 10 varieties of chasmosaurs, and the northern and southern species look totally different
    • The best way dinosaurs are distributed is totally different from how present mammals are distributed. Mammals are typically smaller however reside in giant ranges. Dinosaurs within the Cretaceous are typically bigger however dwelling in smaller areas
    • Longrich stated mammals could also be extra clever, “so they have a tendency to have extra versatile conduct, and adapt their conduct to their habitats.” “Alternatively, dinosaurs could have needed to adapt themselves bodily to outlive in a unique habitat, and advanced new species. Maybe that’s the explanation why there are such a lot of species.”
    • Pentaceratops aquilonius is small (the dimensions of a buffalo), and a cousin of Triceratops
    • Scientists suppose Pentaceratops could have grown greater than the one discovered within the museum (which can have been a juvenile)
    • Pentaceratops has 5 horns on its face, in comparison with three horns on Triceratops
    • Pentaceratops additionally had a unique formed frill and will have lived in Alberta
    • Pentaceratops aquilops is social gathering of the subfamily Chasmosaurinae (ceratopsians)
    • Chasmosaurs are recognized for his or her giant forehead horns, and lengthy frills
    • Most lived in western Canada, western U.S., and northern Mexico
    • The primary Pentaceratops fossils have been present in 1921 (Pentaceratops sternbergii)
    • Pentaceratops lived 76-73 million years in the past, and most Pentaceratops have been discovered within the Kirtland Formation in New Mexico
    • Different dinosaurs present in that formation embody Parasaurolophus cyrtocristatus, Sphaerotholus (pachycephalosaur), Nodocephalosaurus (armored dinosaur) and Bistahieversor (tyrannosaur). Additionally, Titanoceratops, which is nearer to Triceratops than Pentaceratops
    • Enjoyable truth: Dinosaurs lived on all of the seven continents, even Antarctica