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Attention-grabbing motion and exercise patterns of Asiatic lions in India – Journal of Zoology Weblog


    Ram, M., Vasavada, D., Tikadar, S., Jhala, L.S., Zala, Y. and Meena, V. (2023). Motion and exercise of endangered Asiatic lions in relation to land-use, season and group traits. Journal of Zoology, vol. 319, pp. 23-31.

    The Asiatic lions are unfold throughout ~30000 km2 within the Saurashtra area of the Gujarat state in India, collectively often known as the Asiatic Lion Panorama. The panorama consists of 5 protected areas (Gir Nationwide Park, Gir Wildlife Sanctuary, Paniya Wildlife Sanctuary, Mitiyala Wildlife Sanctuary, and Girnar Wildlife Sanctuary) and different pure forest patches. Due to the efficient conservation measures up to now many years with the help of native individuals, the Asiatic lion inhabitants has proven a very good enhance up to now twenty years. The inhabitants has reached the mark of 674 as per the final estimation (June 2020). With the inhabitants enhance, the Asiatic lions additionally began occupying various habitats exterior the protected forest areas. Their dispersal exterior the protected areas has led to conservation and administration challenges. You will need to perceive the ecology of Asiatic lions to handle these challenges, particularly their actions and exercise. Moreover, their motion ecology has huge potential to tell administration and coverage choices with efficient conservation outcomes.

    An imposing Asiatic lion male in its pure habitat within the Gir panorama through the summer time season. Picture: Dr. Mohan Ram

    To grasp the elements talked about above, a scientific examine by radio-telemetry was envisaged on Asiatic lions with the targets to know whether or not their motion and exercise fluctuate with demographic parameters equivalent to age, intercourse and group dimension and likewise whether or not the day by day distances moved and the home-ranges of people fluctuate inside and out of doors the protected areas. Due to this fact, radio-collars that had been featured with three-axis accelerometer-based exercise sensors, mortality sensors, a programmable drop-off activation system, and a programmable GPS schedule which recorded the situation fixes had been deployed on 19 Asiatic lions. The data was saved on-board and retrieved upon elimination/substitute of the radio-collar.

    One of many radio-collared females which was collared as a part of a significant Asiatic lion radio-telemetry mission to observe the lions and their actions within the Gir panorama, Gujarat, India. Picture: Dr. Mohan Ram
    Utilizing state-of-the-art know-how and experience, the technical employees on the Gir Hello-Tech Monitoring Unit in Gujarat, India present essential help for the conservation and safety of endangered Asiatic lions. Picture: Dr. Mohan Ram

    The examine revealed fascinating variations in day by day distances lined (motion) and day by day exercise patterns from acceleration sensors (exercise) in relation to season, group dimension, age and intercourse. It discovered a major distinction within the imply day by day distances between women and men however not between grownup and sub-adult males. Females confirmed considerably much less exercise and motion in comparison with grownup males. Grownup males had been considerably extra energetic than sub-adult males.

    The Gir Hello-Tech Monitoring Unit – a technology-driven scientific monitoring initiative which displays varied managerial segments within the Gir panorama. Picture: Dr. Mohan Ram

    The examine additionally famous that the imply day by day motion for grownup women and men ranging exterior protected areas was not totally different from these inside the protected areas, however within the case of sub-adult males, the distinction was extra vital: their residence ranges had been bigger exterior the protected areas in comparison with these inside the protected areas. The distinction in space-use exterior the protected areas was an artefact of long-distance forays by grownup and sub-adult women and men on sure days. The foraying distances confirmed a attribute sample for sub-adult males, grownup women and men. Furthermore, it’s nicely established that path choice, danger aversion and use of multi-use landscapes exterior protected areas are age-sex particular. Due to this fact, the data output from this examine concerning the spatial and temporal nature of Asiatic lion actions exterior protected areas will probably be useful in danger evaluation, planning infrastructure initiatives and designing conservation motion plans.

    Dr. Mohan Ram, Gir Nationwide Park & Wildlife Sanctuary