Co-author Irina Rotenko
In Naliboki Forest (the central-northern Belarus) in addition to in different habitats in a person lynx residence vary there are quite a bit websites, that are utilized by the person lynx for quite a lot of functions.
Amongst such websites may be distinguished the next their varieties: marking factors; sleeping or typically resting websites; lairs (breeding dens); looking ambuscades; grooming websites; refuges to keep away from blood-sucking bugs and(or) precipitations; playgrounds of kittens; locations, the place mom lynx can nurse kittens safely and depart them alone for some time. Marking factors are probably the most quite a few websites of lynxes; significantly grownup males have lots of of them. Nonetheless, nearly every lynx has not a number of personal websites of the opposite above-listed varieties.
In lots of circumstances the native habitat situations and website specificity can fulfill probably the most of lynx necessities corresponding to sleeping and grooming in a dry spot with out a lot disturbance from blood-sucking bugs and(or) precipitations; efficient looking ambuscade; appropriate marking level; related and protected spot to stick with kittens. Such sort of websites are often visited by lynxes relatively typically. Based on the gained outcomes (Sidorovich, 2022), spatial construction of the lynx inhabitants in Belarus (in Naliboki Forest significantly) is packed; in an grownup male residence vary one to 3 mom lynxes with kittens or non-breeding grownup females in addition to subadult lynxes reside repeatedly. Subsequently, such multi-functional lynx websites may be visited and used commonly by totally different people.
Within the beneath video and pictures you will notice the lynx website, which was traced by us throughout seven years and the place we registered 6 totally different grownup males, 4 moms with kittens (one of many moms used the location for 4 years, whereas different mom was registered there for 2 years), and 5 smaller lone lynxes maybe subadults. Throughout these seven years ten days was sufficient to get one lynx go to of this website. Typically, lynxes visited the location each day and even a number of instances (as much as thrice) per twenty-four hours. The frequency of utilization of the location by lynxes evidently trusted the species inhabitants density in Naliboki Forest. When there have been 4-6 lynxes per 100 sq. km, one lynx go to of the location was documented for 3-5 twenty-four hours on common, whereas after the decline within the lynx native inhabitants as much as 1-3 inds per 100 sq. km one lynx go to of the location was registered for 7-11 twenty-four hours on common.
Within the website lynxes have been grooming, resting, generally sleeping; they evidently stayed for an ambush looking; used the location as a playground for kittens; mom lynxes nursed kittens or kittens have been consuming one thing that their mom introduced; moms left kittens within the website for some time to go for looking; additionally, lynxes marked the location incessantly by urine, pores and skin gland secreting, and by scats generally.
The lynx website consists of a line of 5 massive root plates of uprooted huge spruces, that are stretched on the fringe of treefall. On the inside facet of those root plates, it’s dry and no wind often. Alongside the sting of treefall simply behind of the basis plates there’s a pathway, by which appropriate prey of lynxes (roe deer, purple deer (calves), wild boars (piglets), raccoon canine, purple foxes, mountain hares stroll not sometimes. Furthermore, close by the lynx website on the treefall edge a small latest clearcut located. On this clearcut with early reforestation the above-mentioned potential prey of lynxes feed typically. So, the lynxes that keep within the website at uprooted spruces can relaxation, groom, sleep and use an ambush looking on the identical time. Within the website a number of trunks of fallen timber located about two metres as excessive. Moreover within the treefall close by the lynx website there are standing timber. Subsequently, kittens staying within the spot can escape on the peak simply, if there’s a hazard.
Within the higher video and pictures which might be given beneath you see some registrations of lynxes within the website.