Skip to content

Ought to Cats Be Indoor or Out of doors Pets? Professionals, Cons & Security Ideas


    Final Up to date on: February 27, 2023 by Crystal Uys

    bengal cat walking on plank outdoor

    Whereas we could love our cats, many people additionally acknowledge that dwelling with them may be difficult. Not solely do you will have the mess and scent of litter containers in your home, however cats additionally shed, scratch furnishings, and typically pee in inappropriate areas. In case your cat has developed dangerous habits, you’ve most likely been tempted to make them an outside pet.

    Many cat homeowners wrestle with whether or not cats must be indoor or outside pets. In my very own life, I’ve owned totally indoor cats, outside cats, and indoor-outdoor cats, so I’m additionally acquainted with this dilemma. On this article, we’ll take a look at the arguments for and towards cats dwelling outside, in addition to what specialists and researchers say on the subject.

    Causes Homeowners Preserve Cats as Out of doors Pets

    Veterinary specialists and researchers agree that uncontrolled outside entry is harmful for cats and advocate they be saved indoors. We’ll go into the reasoning behind this advice later on this article, however many homeowners proceed to let their cats exterior regardless of the dangers.

    In some instances, homeowners could fear that protecting cats inside is merciless and prevents them from utilizing their instincts and abilities as predators. Others could imagine their cat will get extra train and keep at a wholesome weight extra simply in the event that they’re allowed exterior. One other frequent motive cats transition to outside pets is persistent behavioral issues reminiscent of urine marking or aggression.

    Typically, homeowners will undertake or assume the care of a cat that has already lived outside for years. For instance, you resolve to meet a lifelong dream of proudly owning property within the nation solely to search out that your new buy comes full with a number of barn cats. In these situations, homeowners could really feel that the outside cat will wrestle to transition to life indoors and select to not drive the difficulty.

    tabby cat hunting ourtdoor
    Picture Credit score: VeleMarinkovic, Pixabay

    What the Analysis and Specialists Say

    The Humane Society and veterinarians agree that protecting cats indoors is the most secure choice. On common, indoor cats stay as many as 10 years longer than exterior cats. Cats with uncontrolled outside entry not solely face many risks, however they’ll additionally pose a risk to the atmosphere and a nuisance to people.

    Personally, I spent a few years working as a veterinary nurse and witnessed firsthand the traumatic actuality of life for a lot of outside cats. Whereas dwelling in a rural space, our household misplaced two outside cats to mysterious circumstances. They simply by no means got here house. Listed here are among the risks cats who stay as outside pets could encounter or trigger:

    Automobile Accidents

    The most important risk to an outside cat could also be automobiles, even for those who stay in a rural space. Analysis reveals that automotive accidents are a number one reason for dying and harm for outside cats worldwide.


    Out of doors cats are rather more vulnerable to catching harmful ailments like feline leukemia virus (FeLV,) rabies, or feline distemper. Even vaccinated cats aren’t at all times protected, particularly from FeLV. Cats typically decide up these ailments by preventing with different cats, which is a conduct that carries an extra threat of harm and an infection.


    Out of doors cats usually tend to be infested with parasites like fleas and ticks, which may additionally carry ailments or result in harmful blood loss. They’ll decide up inner parasites like worms extra simply exterior and, in flip, move them to different cats and even folks.

    cat with tick
    Picture Credit score: anastasiya parfenyuk, Shutterstock


    Cats could also be environment friendly predators, however that doesn’t imply they received’t function prey too. Neighborhood canine are a continuing risk, and outside cats in dense city areas (like Los Angeles, the place I presently stay with solely indoor cats) could fall sufferer to coyotes or mountain lions.


    Out of doors cats could encounter a wide range of toxic substances whereas wandering free. Antifreeze, poisonous crops, or rat poison are all frequent threats to roaming cats. There’s additionally the danger that outside cats could also be intentionally poisoned by people who discover them a nuisance.

    People with Dangerous Intentions

    Sadly, outside cats can simply be a nuisance to the people round them. Nighttime vocalizing and preventing typically happen. Cats might also stalk chickens, outside pet rabbits, or different owned prey. And, in fact, there’s the difficulty of out of doors cats utilizing yards and gardens as litter containers, elevating the danger of people turning into contaminated with parasites like Toxoplasmosis or roundworms.

    Fed-up people could take it upon themselves to cope with nuisance cats, with dangerous outcomes for the kitty.

    Cat meowing
    Picture Credit score: JackieLou DL, Pixabay

    Getting Misplaced

    Even for those who attempt to take precautions like microchipping your cat, there’s nonetheless a big threat that outside cats may get misplaced and never come house. Many of the cats who find yourself in animal shelters are picked up as strays. As soon as in shelters, cats are statistically far much less seemingly than canine to search out their approach again to their homeowners.

    Risk to Birds and Wildlife

    Out of doors cats, owned or stray, pose a big risk to birds and wildlife. Globally, cats have contributed to the extinction of whole species. Based on estimates, outside cats in the USA kill billions of birds and wildlife every year. They might additionally compete with different predators for these meals sources, inflicting hurt to their populations.

    cat hunting bird
    Picture Credit score: Kuttelvaserova Stuchelova, Shutterstock

    Methods to Preserve Out of doors Cats Safer

    In case your cat lives exterior at the least a part of the time, listed here are some steps you may take to maintain them and native wildlife safer. First and presumably most significantly, maintain your outside cat confined at evening. The evening is probably the most harmful time on your cat, and protecting them someplace behind closed doorways at midnight is the most secure choice.

    Microchip your cat and maintain your contact data updated within the database. Put a cat-safe collar and ID tag in your cat for an additional layer of safety. Including a bell to the collar can assist warn birds and wildlife of your cat’s strategy and maintain them protected.

    Deal with your outside cat with a month-to-month parasite preventative that’s efficient towards fleas, ticks, and inner worms. Take them to the vet at the least annually for an examination and all really useful vaccines. Out of doors cats typically want extra pictures than indoor ones due to their larger publicity stage.

    If doable, solely enable your cat supervised entry to the outside, reminiscent of leash walks or playtime in a “catio.” You would additionally use cat-safe fencing to maintain your cat within the yard and most predators out.

    cat owner walking bengal cat
    Picture Credit score: Amerigo_images, Shutterstock

    Methods to Preserve Indoor Cats Entertained

    When you’re nervous your cat will likely be bored, lazy, or acquire weight if it may possibly’t go exterior, there are methods to maintain your pet entertained and slim safely.

    Present your cat with varied toys, particularly those who encourage pure behaviors like stalking and looking. Actively play together with your cat every day to offer additional stimulation and construct a bond between you.

    Preserve your cat’s indoor atmosphere fascinating by offering vertical play areas like cat bushes, towers, or cabinets. Give them lounging areas close to home windows to allow them to see exterior and be safely entertained by birds and wildlife.

    Fastidiously monitor your cat’s caloric consumption to make sure it’s acceptable for its measurement, age, and exercise stage. Your vet can assist you establish this quantity, in addition to provide help to calculate how a lot to feed your cat.


    Whereas protecting your cat as an indoor pet is the most secure and really useful choice, the fact is that’s not at all times doable, and a few cat homeowners can’t or received’t comply with this recommendation. When you should let your cat exterior, comply with our tricks to maintain them as protected as doable. Indoor cats don’t have to guide boring, unathletic lives, however protecting them entertained could take extra effort from their homeowners. In case your cat begins misbehaving, see your veterinarian for assist and recommendation earlier than giving up and turning them into an outside pet.

    Featured Picture Credit score: Seregraff, Shutterstock

    Concerning the writer