This scientific ebook provides the outcomes of the long-term research on the Eurasian lynx Lynx lynx in Belarus, primarily in Naliboki Forest and Paazierre Forest. Inhabitants construction, breeding, weight loss program and prey provide in addition to the number of behavioural traits had been thought of. Amongst behavioural questions there have been investigated sociality, searching modes, mating and denning behaviour, territorial marking, sheltering and interspecific interference. The monograph presents not solely the regional points of lynx biology, but additionally consists of many new findings for the Eurasian lynx general.
Among the many new findings in our examine on the Eurasian lynx, I wish to briefly record them:
(1) Patched dwelling vary in reference to the prevailing mode of searching, primarily from ambuscades in sure spots. Such searching spots are located in a number of housing areas inside dwelling vary. Regarding grownup males, within the chilly season a patched construction of their dwelling ranges can also be linked with wants of normal guarding of thickets which are appropriate for mating; they usually begin guarding such habitats since late autumn;
(2) Difficult mating-related behaviour in lynxes. Very often winter housing areas of grownup males are prey-poor, and that’s linked with their precedence of guarding of related thickets for mating. When a feminine in warmth searches for an grownup male with related thickets, it’s a prevailed manner of pairing in mating season. Repeated mating i.e. copulation with two males shouldn’t be uncommon in lynxes;
(3) Strikingly distinctive searching and marking days in grownup males. There are two sorts of searching days in males akin to ambush looking for themselves in housing areas and energetic (moving-stalking) foraging for moms with kittens. Most important territorial marking is carried out throughout particular marking days, when grownup males vary outstandingly so much virtually with out searching;
(4) In non-mating seasons grownup females (particularly moms with kittens) mark primarily a number of housing areas, the place they principally keep;
(5) Grownup and subadult lynxes had been discovered surprisingly social even in non-mating seasons. Lynx couple (grownup male with subadult or grownup feminine collectively) and mom with kittens of the 12 months that accepted a subadult are normal phenomenon in social construction of lynxes;
(6) Particulars (dens, timing, care) of denning in lynxes are thought of. An energetic position (defending housing space of mom, some foraging) of grownup male (doable father) is substantiated;
(7) Prevailed watching-based searching modes of lynxes with implication for reasonably excessive each day meals intakes;
(8) Pronounced tree-related habits in lynxes in reference to goals of territorial and mating calls, ambush searching, avoiding of blood-sucking bugs, secure sheltering of kittens;
(9) Inhabitants-wide feeding specializations and individual-distinctive diets in connecting with dynamics of prey inventory;
(10) Effectivity of searching by subadults as a inhabitants bottleneck;
(11) Grownup male lynxes as killers of susceptible wolves and respective unfavorable impact for the wolf inhabitants;
(12) Larger number of lynx marking (than identified up-to-date) in its efficiency and position in addition to response of different mammals on lynx marking;
(13) Predominantly forest-dwelling behaviour of lynxes associated to wolf presence and a swap to openings, when wolves turn into uncommon;
(14) Drastic impact of killing of pink foxes and raccoon canines by lynxes on these sufferer species populations.
The monograph was reviewed by Prof. dr habil. Krzysztof Schmidt from Mammal Analysis Institute, Polish academy of Sciences, Białowieża, Poland.