Many species of wildlife are affected by lead toxicity, however it’s commonest in raptors, scavengers, and waterbirds. In raptors or predatory birds, bioaccumulation by way of ingestion of prey species is problematic. Scavenger species, just like the California condor, face the identical concern with bioaccumulation whereas consuming carrion. Species just like the Bald eagle and vulture species have extremely acidic stomachs, making them notably inclined to guide toxicity attributable to lead being damaged down extra readily of their abdomen. A single lead sinker or jig is poisonous sufficient to kill a loon when ingested.
The Nationwide Wildlife Refuge Affiliation helps the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to take away lead hazards on refuges by way of its Station-Particular Looking and Sport Fishing Rules proposed rule. The Nationwide Wildlife Refuge Affiliation acknowledges the necessity for an adjustment interval so vital administrative and sensible modifications will be made and carried out on these refuges; consequently, we urge that the four-year interval proposed for phasing out using lead be shortened to eighteen months, which might permit for one full searching season to coach hunters earlier than the ultimate change is made. The proposed rule, though solely utilized to acres of latest lands opened to searching, is a crucial first step in lowering the injury brought on by lead ammunition and sort out on nationwide wildlife refuges throughout the nation.